Wednesday, October 17, 2012

1210.4450 (J. M. Alarcón et al.)

Improved description of the $πN$-scattering phenomenology in
covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory

J. M. Alarcón, J. Martin Camalich, J. A. Oller
We present a novel analysis of the $\pi N$ scattering amplitude in covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory up to ${\cal O}(p^3)$ within the extended-on-mass-shell renormalization scheme and including the $\Delta(1232)$ explicitly in the $\delta$-counting. We take the hadronic phase shifts provided by partial wave analyses as basic experimental information to fix the low-energy constants. Subsequently, we study in detail the various observables and low-energy theorems related to the $\pi N$ scattering amplitude. In particular, we discuss the results and chiral expansion of the phase shifts, the threshold coefficients, the Goldberger-Treiman relation, the pion-nucleon sigma term and the extrapolation onto the subthreshold region. The chiral representation of the amplitude in the theory with the $\Delta$ presents a good convergence from very low energies in the subthreshold region up to energies well above threshold, leading also to a phenomenological description perfectly consistent with the one reported by the respective partial wave analyses and independent determinations. We conclude that a model-independent and systematic framework to analyze $\pi N$-scattering observables using directly experimental data shall be possible in covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory.
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