Thursday, May 30, 2013

1305.6812 (J. Kvasil et al.)

Toroidal, compression, and vortical dipole strengths in $^{144-154}$Sm:
Skyrme-RPA exploration of deformation effect

J. Kvasil, V. O. Nesterenko, W. Kleinig, D. Bozik, P. -G. Reinhard, N. Lo Iudice
A comparative analysis of toroidal, compressional and vortical dipole strengths in the spherical $^{144}$Sm and the deformed $^{154}$Sm is performed within the random-phase-approximation using a set of different Skyrme forces. Isoscalar (T=0), isovector (T=1), and electromagnetic excitation channels are considered. The role of the nuclear convection $j_{\text{con}}$ and magnetization $j_{\text{mag}}$ currents is inspected. It is shown that the deformation leads to an appreciable redistribution of the strengths and causes a spectacular deformation splitting (exceeding 5 MeV) of the isoscalar compressional mode. In $^{154}$Sm, the $\mu$=0 and $\mu$=1 branches of the mode form well separated resonances. When stepping from $^{144}$Sm to $^{154}$Sm, we observe an increase of the toroidal, compression and vortical contributions in the low-energy region (often called pygmy resonance). The strength in this region seems to be an overlap of various excitation modes. The energy centroids of the strengths depend significantly on the isoscalar effective mass $m_0$. Skyrme forces with a large $m_0$ (typically $m_0/m \approx 0.8 - 1$) seem to be more suitable for description of experimental data for the isoscalar giant dipole resonance.
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