Tuesday, June 11, 2013

1306.1874 (Xurong Chen et al.)

Applications of a nonlinear evolution equation II: the EMC effect    [PDF]

Xurong Chen, Jianhong Ruan, Rong Wang, Pengming Zhang, Wei Zhu
The EMC effect is studied by using the GLR-MQ-ZSR equation with minimum number of free parameters, where the nuclear shadowing effect is a dynamical evolution result of the equation, and nucleon swelling and Fermi motion in the nuclear environment deform the input parton distributions. Parton distributions of both proton and nucleus are predicted in a unified framework. We show that the parton recombination as a higher twist correction plays an essential role in the evolution of parton distributions either of proton or nucleus. We find that the nuclear antishadowing contributes a part of enhancement of the ratio of the structure functions around $x\sim 0.1$, while the other part origins from the deformation of the nuclear valence quark distributions. We point out that the nuclear shadowing and antishadowing effects in the gluon distribution are not stronger than that in the quark distributions.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.1874

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