Thursday, July 25, 2013

1007.0741 (Karl-Heinz Schmidt et al.)

Further evidence for energy sorting from the even-odd effect in
fission-fragment element distributions

Karl-Heinz Schmidt, Beatriz Jurado
The even-odd effect in fission is explained by a model based on statistical mechanics. It reveals that the variation of the even-odd effect with the mass of the fissioning nucleus and the increase towards asymmetric splits is due to the important statistical weight of configurations where the light fission fragment populates the ground state of an even-even nucleus. This implies that entropy drives excitation energy and unpaired nucleons predominantly to the heavy fragment. Therefore, the even-odd effect is an additional signature of the recently discovered energy-sorting process in fission.
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