Monday, July 8, 2013

1307.1504 (L Paulucci et al.)

Bag vs. NJL models for color-flavor-locked strange quark matter    [PDF]

L Paulucci, E J Ferrer, J E Horvath, V de la Incera
We compare the mass-radius relationship of strange stars obtained in two theoretical frameworks describing the color-flavor-locking state of dense quark matter: The semi-empirical MIT model and a self-consistent approach using the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model. In the simplest MIT model extended to include pairing, one can make the equation of state stiffer by increasing the gap parameter so that larger maximum masses for these objects can be reached. In the NJL model, however, such an effect is not possible. To increase the gap parameter within the NJL model to values comparable to those considered in the MIT case, a noticeably increase of the diquark-coupling-constant strength is needed, but this in turn softens the equation of state producing a lower maximum star mass. This behaviour is interpreted as signalling the system crossover at high diquark coupling from a BCS regime to a BEC one, a process that cannot be reproduced within the simple MIT prescription.
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