Thursday, June 6, 2013

1306.1025 (A. Tawfik)

Chemical Freeze-Out and Higher Order Multiplicity Moments    [PDF]

A. Tawfik
We calculate the non-normalized moments of the particle multiplicity within the framework of the hadron resonance gas (HRG) model. At finite chemical potential $\mu$, a non-monotonic behavior is observed in the thermal evolution of third order moment (skewness $S$) and the higher order ones as well. Among others, this observation likely reflects dynamical fluctuations and strong correlations. The signatures of non-monotonicity in the normalized fourth order moment (kurtosis $\kappa$) and its products get very clear. Based on these findings, we introduce a novel condition characterizing the universal freeze-out curve. The chemical freeze-out parameters $T$ and $\mu$ are described by vanishing $\kappa\, \sigma^2$ or equivalently $m_4=3\,\chi^2$, where $\sigma$, $\chi$ and $m_4$ are the standard deviation, susceptibility and fourth order moment, respectively. The fact that the HRG model is not able to release information about criticality related to the confinement and chiral dynamics should not veil the observations related to the chemical freeze-out. Recent lattice QCD studies strongly advocate the main conclusion of the present paper.
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