Friday, June 28, 2013

1306.6372 (D. Väänänen et al.)

Linearizing neutrino evolution equations including neutrino-antineutrino
pairing correlations

D. Väänänen, C. Volpe
We linearize the neutrino mean-field evolution equations describing the neutrino propagation in a background of matter and of neutrinos, using techniques from many-body microscopic approaches. The procedure leads to an eigenvalue equation that allows to identify instabilities in the evolution, associated with a change of the curvature of the neutrino energy-density surface. Our result includes all contributions from the neutrino Hamiltonian and is generalizable to linearize the equations of motion at an arbitrary point of the evolution. We then consider the extended equations that comprise the normal mean field as well as the abnormal mean field that is associated with neutrino-antineutrino pairing correlations. We first re-derive the extended neutrino Hamiltonian and show that such a Hamiltonian can be diagonalized by introducing a generalized Bogoliubov transformation with quasi-particle operators that mix neutrinos and antineutrinos. We give the eigenvalue equations that determine the energies of the quasi-particles eigenstates. Finally we derive the eigenvalue equation of the extended equations of motion, valid in the small amplitude approximation. Our results apply to an arbitrary number of neutrino families.
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