Friday, June 28, 2013

1306.6394 (R. Rapp)

Dilepton Production in Heavy-Ion Collisions    [PDF]

R. Rapp
The properties of electromagnetic radiation from hot fireballs as created in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions are reviewed. We first outline how the medium effects in the electromagnetic spectral function, which governs thermal production rates, relate to the (partial) restoration of chiral symmetry. In particular, we show how chiral and QCD sum rules, together with constraints from lattice QCD, can render these relations quantitative. Turning to dilepton data, we elaborate on updates in the space-time evolution and quark-gluon plasma emission rates from lattice-QCD calculations. With a now available excitation function in dilepton spectra from the RHIC beam-energy scan connecting down to SPS energies, we argue that a consistent interpretation of dilepton data emerges. Combining well-constrained space-time evolutions with state-of-the-art emission rates identifies most of the radiation to emanate from around the pseudo-critical temperature, and thus confirms resonance melting as the prevalent mechanism in this regime, compatible with chiral restoration. Recent measurements of a relatively soft slope and large elliptic flow in direct-photon spectra at RHIC and LHC lend further support to this picture.
View original:

No comments:

Post a Comment