Wednesday, July 17, 2013

1307.4323 (C. Lorcé)

The proton spin decomposition : path dependence and gauge symmetry    [PDF]

C. Lorcé
We discuss the different types of decomposition of the proton spin. We stress that, despite their lack of uniqueness, the Chen et al. and Wakamatsu decompositions are perfectly measurable. We argue that a large part of the recent controversies boils down to the fact that there actually exist two types of gauge transformations in the Chen et al. approach, where physical and gauge degrees of freedom of the gauge potential are explicitly separated. By carefully distinguishing these two types of gauge transformations, one can easily understand how the concepts of gauge invariance, Stueckelberg symmetry, path dependence and measurability are linked to each other.
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