Monday, May 27, 2013

1305.5705 (Florian Gautier et al.)

Solving the Schwinger-Dyson equation for a scalar field in de Sitter

Florian Gautier, Julien Serreau
We study the two-point correlator of an O(N) scalar field with quartic self-coupling in de Sitter space. For light fields in units of the expansion rate, perturbation theory is plagued by large logarithmic terms for superhorizon momenta. We show that a proper treatment of the infinite series of self-energy insertions through the Schwinger-Dyson equations resums these infrared logarithms into well defined power laws. We provide an exact analytical solution of the Schwinger-Dyson equations for infrared momenta when the self-energy is computed at two-loop order. The obtained correlator exhibits a rich structure with a superposition of free-field-like power laws. We extract mass and field-strength renormalization factors from the asymptotic infrared behavior. The latter are nonperturbative in the coupling in the case of a vanishing tree-level mass.
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